Many types of rodents are serious pests for every homeowner. According to a 2019 American Housing Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau, there are 2.9 million reported sightings of rodents in American homes. Such a large number brings a lot of concern. It is because rodent infestation threatens both your health and your property. Thus, making it extremely important to address this threat immediately. However, you need to know the common types of rodents considered pests. This way, you will know what you are facing and how to fight them.
Black rat (Rattus rattus) is a common long-tailed rodent that invades our home. It is also known as house rat, roof rat, or ship rat. Originating from Southeast Asia, this species has spread globally through ship trade. This rat prefers to live in colonies and nest in the dark upper areas of structures. It is easily distinguishable with its dark or black color and long tail. Amongst the rat family, the black rat is heavily associated with bubonic plague. In addition, it also spreads diseases like jaundice, trichinosis, and typhus.
Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) is a common rat widespread throughout the country. It is sometimes called Norway rat, Norwegian rat, street rat, sewer rat, or the common rat. It is a nocturnal rat known to live in garbage piles, dark burrows, and sewers. They often invade homes when food sources are scarce. They nest in dark, hard-to-reach areas. Compared to other types of rodents, brown rats can cause serious damage to many household building materials. These rats can even gnaw on concrete and lead pipes. Moreover, they bring a variety of diseases like leptospirosis and rat-bite fever.
House mouse (Mus musculus) is a small rodent with a pointed snout, rounded ears, and long, hairy tail. It is the most commonly found pest in the rodent family. Like other types of rodents, they live in dark secluded areas and are excellent climbers. They are also quick and prefer to hide amongst the clutter. House mice can gnaw through drywall and insulation. Therefore, they can cause significant property damage. In addition, house mice can easily contaminate food and spread diseases like Salmonella and leptospirosis.
Deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) is a small rodent spread throughout North America. It is small with large beady eyes, large ears, varying coat color, and a white underside. Unlike other types of rodents, the deer mouse prefers nesting outside homes like tree hollows or log piles. They only wander inside homes during the winter or when foraging. The deer mouse is the most common carrier of hantavirus. It is a fatal human disease that targets the blood, kidney, and respiratory tract.
If you suspect rodent infestation or discover signs of rodents, contact a licensed pest control service for assistance. Keep in mind that rodents can reproduce quickly. You need a proper pest control service to remove this threat immediately.